Understanding the Need for Lighting in Photography

Lighting plays a key role in photography and draws the line between an outstanding photo and a whack one. Light determines the brightness and dark levels in an image. Additionally, it depicts the tone and mood of the image.


The science behind a photo studio light setup is what most expert photo shooters use every time they embark on a photo session. Without adequate lighting, an image appears blurry with a docile character. Professional shooters know how to setup their lighting in relation to the camera’s position to produce breath-taking photographs.


Different Types of Photo Studio Lighting

  • Short Light 

Short light is the sort of lighting where the face side facing away from the camera receives the bright light. The impact of this type of lighting technique is a thin face. In simple terms, short light creates a visually thin image.

  • Broad Light

Broad light is the opposite of short light. That said, the face side facing the camera gets the brightest light while the one farthest from the camera gets the least light. The only problem with this kind of photo studio lighting is that it produces images that look wider. To remedy this, you can have a reflector on the opposite side of the light source, but to a 45 ̊angle, so it fills up the shadow side.

  • Diffused Light

Depending on the equipment used, photography lighting can either be harsh or soft. If you can only afford broad lighting, you can move the image closer to the source to make the image softer. However, there’s a downside to this. The heat emanating from the light can make the entire photo session feel uncomfortably hot especially when the light is continuous.

A better option is to scatter the light using a diffuser. A diffuser eliminates glare and harsh shadows. Additionally, it also diminishes blemishes on the object. It provides a more natural feel. Some items that can be used in light diffusion include softboxes, sheer heatproof material, umbrellas, and translucent plastic.


Manipulating Light

One thing that makes photography a fun activity and a career is the liberty it offers an individual to manipulate light. That means changing light-ray direction, so they land on a particular area of interest. This can be achieved by using reflectors and diffusers. Collapsible reflectors are a popular tool in a shooter’s kit as it can manipulate both natural and artificial lighting. You can also cover spotlights with light shapers, so you have more control over the direction on which the light falls and how broad it extends.


Once you get the perfect lighting, you can add extra effects using Adobes – which is a software that enhances and improves your digital images. It allows you to adjust the color, sharpness, temperature, tones, reducing noise, and even converting images to black and white.

As you’ve noticed, lighting is critical in a photo studio. Understanding the various ways through which you can use lighting to your advantage can positively impact your photographs. Besides, having the perfect light setup is the only way you can stay aloof of the common hordes of photographers.